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Unit 1:  About sourcesUnit 2: Evaluating sourcesUnit 3: Quoting & paraphrasingUnit 4: Reporting evidenceUnit 5: Referencing

What are quoting and paraphrasing?

This section shows you how to present an idea from your source material as a direct quote and as a paraphrase.

Quoting and paraphrasing are two ways of including ideas and information from different sources in order to build and support arguments and the position you take in your writing.

A quote is an extract from a source which uses the exact words of the author(s). You indicate this by using conventions such as indenting and the use of quotation marks (also known as inverted commas). A paraphrase is the re-casting of ideas or information from a source in your own words. You do not use the original wording of the source.


Quote (original wording of source):

'As natural selection acts solely by accumulating slight, successive, favourable variations, it can produce no great or sudden modification; it can act only by short and slow steps.'

Darwin, C. 1872. The origin of species by means of natural selection. 6th edition. John Murray, London, p.413.

Paraphrase of the above source (different wording):

Darwin (1872, p. 413) argued that the process of natural selection is one of gradual change; of evolution, rather than revolution.