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Module 1: Grammar Module 2: Sources Module 3: Structure
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Unit 1:  About sourcesUnit 2: Evaluating sourcesUnit 3: Quoting & paraphrasingUnit 4: Reporting evidenceUnit 5: Referencing

Reputable and reliable academic sources

This section lists the common types of reputable source material and gives some strategies for evaluating sources for use in academic writing.

The following sources would generally be perceived as reputable. Most are readily found in university, faculty or departmental libraries, and many can be found on the Internet:

  • academic books by single or multiple authors within the discipline or area of study or academic and professional journals within the discipline or area of study

  • specialist magazines or newspapers of agreed high repute, e.g. Nature, The Wall Street Journal, The Australian Financial Review, The New York Review of Books, The Times Literary Supplement

  • government reports

  • reports by independent or Royal Commissions of Inquiry

  • reports from known, reputable organizations, e.g. the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

  • published theses

  • unpublished theses held by university, faculty or departmental libraries

  • recorded TV or radio programs to which reputable figures within the discipline have contributed

  • videos that are accessible to university students and staff

  • primary sources such as original letters, diaries, journals, notes, novels, plays, poetry or music scores

  • the internet, if the site has a reputable author, publisher and domain name that show the site has the relevant credentials for your writing purpose