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Home » Module 3 Unit 5: Writing cohesively » Using reference words - page 3/8
Unit 1: Planning your essayUnit 2: Structuring paragraphsUnit 3: Introductions & conclusionsUnit 4: Writing persuasivelyUnit 5: Writing cohesively

3. Demonstratives

Demonstratives are similar to personal and possessive pronouns in that they refer to nouns usually already present in the text. However, they have a stronger pointing quality – they identify (point at) exactly which thing or things are being referred to.

The most common demonstratives are: this, that (singular), these, those (plural), such.


4. Comparatives

Comparatives are sometimes used as pronouns and sometimes as adjectives. You do not need to be able to distinguish the two because, in both cases, they are being used to refer to something or someone in the text.

Comparatives include words like: another, other, both, similar, the same, better, more, earlier, later, previous, subsequent.