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Unit 1: Planning your essayUnit 2: Structuring paragraphsUnit 3: Introductions & conclusionsUnit 4: Writing persuasivelyUnit 5: Writing cohesively
 

Strategies for creating cohesion

This section outlines the strategies that are used to create cohesion in writing and gives you the opportunity to recognise cohesive writing.

Macro-level strategies

Cohesion in writing is achieved in many ways. It is created at the overall text and paragraph level by:

  • the structure and content of your introductions and conclusions.
  • the overall structure of your text – how the parts fit together.
  • the organisational principle you choose to sequence and present your information, arguments and supporting evidence.
  • the structure of your individual arguments.
  • the way you develop your arguments so that your readers are persuaded by them.
  • the way you structure your paragraphs.

Micro-level strategies

In addition to the structural components listed above, English uses a range of micro-level language strategies to make a text cohesive.

This unit will introduce you to four strategies you can use to help create better cohesion in your writing:

Theme and thematic progression – Thematic progression builds meaning by carrying central ideas through the text.

Vocabulary choices – The use of repetition, synonyms and opposites, and other language choices ensures that your reader does not lose the thread of what you are writing about.

Reference – Using forward and backward reference within your texts enables you to pick up information already referred to, without having to repeat the same words and phrases.

Conjunctions – These are used to place individual items of information into meaningful relationships with one another.

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