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Module 1: Grammar Module 2: Sources Module 3: Structure
Home » Module 3 Unit 1: Planning your essay » Structuring individual arguments - page 2/3
Unit 1: Planning your essayUnit 2: Structuring paragraphsUnit 3: Introductions & conclusionsUnit 4: Writing persuasivelyUnit 5: Writing cohesively

Typical structure of an individual argument

Although the structure of an argument can vary, effective arguments often contain the following components:

Component Function
Initial assertion
  • To introduce the argument and signal the content of the following paragraph(s) to the reader
  • To link the argument to the thesis statement in the introduction
  • To elaborate on the initial assertion by providing more information or additional perspectives
Exemplification To make concrete the theoretical assertion by tying it to particular examples
Supporting evidence To back up the initial and sub-assertions with relevant and convincing evidence from your research and reading
Acknowledgement of and downplaying of counter-evidence, if any
  • To recognise perspectives that may not completely support the position you have chosen to argue (your thesis)
  • To explain why these perspectives are less significant to your central argument, or to argue against them
Confirmation of original assertion To restate your argument and link it once again to your thesis