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Language strategies: Endorsing & distancing

Strategy 4: Using concessive clauses

Like all conjunctions, concessive conjunctions, which introduce concessive clauses, create a relationship between two or more pieces of information.

Concessive conjunctions allow us to create a specific relationship contrasting two or more pieces of information or evidence. Concessive conjunctions are widely used in academic writing so that the reader can clearly see which of the pieces of information or evidence the writer sees as:

  • carrying more weight.
  • being more relevant to arguments or topic.
  • being worth further development.

Concessive conjunctions allow you to:

  • foreground views or evidence which support the position you have taken on your topic, based on your research and reading and, at the same time
  • background other views or evidence which may not support your position, while still acknowledging these views. They allow you to weight your evidence.

The most common concessive conjunctions are:

although; even though; while; whereas; in spite of (the fact that.); despite (the fact that.)

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